The ideal diet for an insulin-resistant horse is a low-Sugar/Starch grass hay with plain beet pulp to carry minerals, vitamin E, and essential fatty acids to complement that hay. Beware of External Parasite Health Threats to Horses during Cold Weather, Newly Published Study Confirms Benefits of Hay Steaming over …, What to Expect During Equine Dental Exams, Winter Priorities for Best Practices Horse Health Care, Alfalfa and the Insulin Resistant Horse — The True Story. #2 Alfalfa is a popular forage for horses, but it should never be the primary hay source as it contains high amounts of protein, which can stress the kidneys, and calcium, which can lead to major mineral imbalances. Supply, price, and quality have always been important parameters to consider when buying hay for horses, but now, more than ever before, horse owners are becoming aware of the importance of the nutritional components of the hay they feed. Grass Hay Averages: % NSC 12.9 ± 4.8. The crude protein content is 8%. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s This preservative not only reduces mold, but it also decreases drying time in the field, thereby diminishing the potential for leaf loss from harvesting  and providing more baling flexibility. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the Alfalfa is more digestible that grass hay, providing more calories on a weight-to-weight basis. Multiple cuttings from the same field of grass can yield hay with different levels of NSC. This can make it a useful dietary addition to the feed for metabolic horses if they can tolerate it. In fact, preventive measures are pretty much the same whether a horse has insulin resistance or postprandial hyperinsulinaemia. Once glucose is produced, the pancreas secretes insulin to allow glucose to enter the cells and store body fat. PaulickReport.com is published by Blenheim Publishing LLC, 3070 Lakecrest Circle, Suite 400-292, Lexington, KY 40513. Alfalfa is OK, but it’s got more calories than does grass hay, so you have to watch that your horse doesn’t get fat. Because of this, alfalfa should be fed by weight, rather than free choice or in a specific number of flakes. Consequently, it is reasonable to add to the NRC requirement. This can make it a useful dietary addition to the feed for metabolic horses if they can tolerate it. Read more at American Farriers Journal. Horses on high sugar and starch diets can develop laminitis, colic, and insulin resistance. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. The ideal diet for an insulin-resistant horse is a low-Sugar/Starch grass hay with plain beet pulp to carry minerals, vitamin E, and essential fatty acids to complement that hay. [READ: Buy the Right Hay] 7 Alfalfa Cons. The recommended NSC level in hay for insulin-resistant horses is 10%. It’s this third path that potentially causes problems for the IR horse. Insulin Resistance/Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) in Equines. Good quality grass hay should make up the rest. The high calcium content of alfalfa causes an imbalanced calcium/phosphorus ratio if not corrected by other feeds or supplements. Alfalfa pellets and cubes are easier to measure precisely than flakes of hay. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). The issue is too much protein. If someone tells you Alfalfa is a problem in Insulin Resistant horses, they do not have the facts. After giving this considerable thought, I believe I can shed some light on why this may be the case. By removing the alfalfa hay and replacing it with a small amount of alfalfa pellets and split peas, the protein quality is improved while keeping the overall content close to the requirement. Although alfalfa hay is often higher in total energy content than grass hays, most of the energy in alfalfa hay is from digestible protein and fiber, rather than from sugars, starches and fructans. And the rest is… well, you get the picture. Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is a specialist in equine nutrition whose philosophy is founded on feeding a horse in sync with his natural needs and instincts. 1. Upon digestion, amino acids are free to enter the blood stream and travel to individual tissues, where they are recombined in a very specific order to produce the protein needed by that particular tissue (e.g., blood, lungs, heart, liver, skin, bones, joints, etc.). Oct 25, 2017 - Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). Now, here are seven downsides of alfalfa. Alfalfa is often sprayed with buffered propionate (also known as propionic acid) to retard spoilage if baled during wet or humid conditions. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system and overall health. Dr. Getty is the author of the comprehensive resource, Feed Your Horse Like A Horse, and her articles and interviews often appear in national and international publications. Severely affected Insulin Resistant (IR) horses need to be kept below 10% ESC + starch in the total diet, while all Laminitic horses should to be kept below 10% WSC + starch. Compared with grass hay, alfalfa cubes and pellets are highly digestible, and have minimal starch and sugar levels. Horses with EMS become less sensitive to insulin’s effects, and more insulin than normally required is needed to keep blood sugar concentrations within normal limits, especially after a meal high in starch or sugar. He is lightly active. Since the overweight, IR horse has much inflammation in his system (both body fat and insulin are highly inflammatory), tissues throughout the body can be damaged. Dr. Getty’s comprehensive resource book, Feed Your Horse Like a Horse, is available at www.GettyEquineNutrition.com -- buy it there and have it inscribed by the author, or get it at Amazon (www.Amazon.com) or other online retail bookstores. It contains high levels of calcium, as well as magnesium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, lysine, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folic acid. The amino group quickly becomes ammonia and is converted to urea, which is then excreted from the body in the urine. Alfalfa hay is not considered grass hay. [iii] When feeding sunflower seeds with the shell, always choose Black Oil Sunflower Seeds; striped ones are too fibrous to be eaten whole. Alfalfa Horse Hay. Insulin-resistant horses prone to laminitis may be sensitive to alfalfa. Insulin-resistant horses prone to laminitis may be sensitive to alfalfa. People not familiar I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse's muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. • Alfalfa Hay can mix with Timothy up to a 50:50 ratio. To boost his protein quality, Pepper’s owner adds 5 lbs of alfalfa hay per day, which has been analyzed to contain 20% crude protein. Alfalfa and the Insulin Resistant Horse — The True Story By Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). A small serving of a supplement with alfalfa in the base isn’t likely to be a problem. So when you feed alfalfa that has been treated with propionic acid, you are essentially increasing your horse’s blood glucose level, just as you would if you had fed a hay with a large amount of sugar and starch. Usually moderate-quality grass hay is recommended as legume hays, like alfalfa, tend to have higher calorie contents and may be consumed more quickly, which can be a problem for hungry horses needing to lose weight. Waste. Individual grass and alfalfa hays will vary significantly; therefore it is always best to have your hay analyzed. I worry that a horse with insulin resistance from excess iron may not improve if it is given free-choice hay and it continues to shovel in the hay. Protein is needed to help repair and maintain tissues. Once propionate is absorbed and metabolized, it is converted to glucose! To offer a variety of protein sources, she replaces the hay with 2 cups alfalfa pellets and 1 cup of split peas: Interpretation: The protein content of the first diet is too high because of added alfalfa, which could contribute to elevated insulin secretion. The NSC range of straw may be generally low, but it can be as high as 17.1%, which is unacceptable for the insulin resistant horse. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). There are two plausible reasons, both leading to excess blood glucose and the concomitant secretion of insulin: 2. By Dr. Martin Adams, PAS Equine Nutritionist for Southern States Dry lots are recommended for insulin resistant horses. However, alfalfa, in and of itself, is not necessarily the issue. value.Well-preserved alfalfa hay should be the foundation of a feeding program for young growing horses, recreational horses, and active horses.This publica-tion describes the horse’s digestive system and nutritional needs and how to select alfalfa hay. But it is always worth checking. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. When feeding alfalfa, there is a difference between alfalfa cubes, bales and pellets. Clover hay has lots of sugar, and should probably be … He’s been diagnosed with insulin resistance and has already suffered once from laminitis. Alfalfa is OK, but it’s got more calories than does grass hay, so you have to watch that your horse doesn’t get fat. Table 1:  Protein Content of Protein-Rich Feedstuffs[i] per 100 grams, Approximate volume measure equivalent to 100 g. If large amounts of protein are consumed beyond the horse’s need to replace and repair body proteins, the excess amino acids cannot be stored for later use. Alfalfa helps slow down sugar absorption into the blood. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse's muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. Grasses have higher NSC levels because they store their carbohydrates as fructan. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse's muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. But some people just don’t want to feed alfalfa; they believe it causes laminitis. Alfalfa hay should be analyzed by a lab to understand its composition; the protein, starches and sugars will vary based on weather, when and how it was harvested; soil fertility; and how mature the plan was when it was cut. Copyright Blenheim Publishing LLC. Buying hay for your horse can be a challenge whether you buy it a few bales at a time or purchase a year’s supply when it becomes available in the summer. Although alfalfa hay is often higher in total energy content than grass hays, most of the energy in alfalfa hay is from digestible protein and fiber, rather than from sugars, starches and fructans. Find a world of useful information for the horseperson at www.GettyEquineNutrition.com: Sign up for Dr. Getty’s informative, free e-newsletter, Forage for Thought; browse her library of reference articles; search her nutrition forum; and purchase recordings of her educational teleseminars. Contrary to popular belief, grass forages are generally higher in sugars, starches and fructans than legumes such as alfalfa. Horse Insulin has many jobs and many targets. It has much higher levels of protein and calcium, and lower levels of fiber. Alfalfa itself is not the issue, but rather, its contribution to the protein content of the entire diet. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). There is some evidence (Loos et al, 2019) that high protein intakes may … It is not the overall Sugar and Starch in the total diet that matters; it is the composition of each and every individual … Additionally, offering alfalfa cubes rather than pellets will keep horses chewing longer. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses' diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). Bales should be consistent in weight (too heavy indicates mold or too much moisture, while too light can indicate over … Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). Feed timothy or Bermuda grass hay, beet pulp, or grains such as oats, corn, wheat and barley. Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. But some people just don’t want to feed alfalfa; they believe it causes laminitis. Its high protein content, however, makes it more caloric, which can be a problem for IR horses who need to lose weight. Alfalfa and oat hays are often somewhat higher in calories so will put weight on many horses. Goitrogenic and estrogenic activity of soy isoflavones. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). Dec 6, 2017 - Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). But I always included some, albeit a small amount. Lastly, it has been thought that diets high in simple starches or with a high glycemic index could increase the chance of developing insulin resistance, but this claim has not been proven. 110. Evaluating NSC levels: The NSC range of straw may be generally low, but it can be as high as 17.1%, which is unacceptable for the insulin resistant horse. Hay should be dry to the touch. Oat hay is also quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses. [READ: Buy the Right Hay] 7 Alfalfa Cons. The horse is not healthy, and adding a little more hay will make that horse balloon up. A good feed ingredient for horses sensitive to sugar or starch (e.g., insulin-resistant, or IR, horses). Don’t let your horse drink the soaking water as it is high in sugar. Also keep in mind that sunflower oil is very high in inflammatory omega 6s and should be balanced with a source of omega 3s. resistant (IR). Both cause insulin spikes, subsequent insulin resistance from over- production by the body, hypothyroid, Cushing’s horses, etc. Studies have shown a direct correlation between iron intake and insulin levels in the blood, making it an important factor in managing the diet for these horses. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. EquiMed does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The cause isn’t entirely clear, but it may be related to alfalfa having more sugar in the form of glucose, and higher starch. Manage Hay: If you have a horse you suspect is or could become insulin resistant, select forages that have been analyzed and are known to contain low levels of sugars, fructans, and starches. Preservative often sprayed on alfalfa hay. Acetate is utilized by many tissues including the heart, muscles, and the brain. The best remedy if to feed horses multiple meals, with no more than 8 hours between each meal. More mature oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. The other two VFAs are acetate and butyrate. To ensure your horse has an ample amino acid pool in his bloodstream from which to synthesis proteins within his body, it is best to feed a variety of protein sources to improve the quality while not overdoing the quantity. Too much protein can be problematic for the IR horse and it is easy to exceed the horse’s protein requirement when adding alfalfa hay. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. Alfalfa helps slow down sugar absorption into the blood. The organic acid has several pathways it can take: (1) It can be burned for energy (especially if the diet is not high enough in calories to meet energy needs); (2) It can be converted to body fat (if the diet is too high in calories); or (3) It can be converted to glucose. Butyrate provides energy for the cells that line the hindgut epithelium. If your horse is overweight, diagnosed with insulin resistance, or suffers from equine Cushing’s disease, here’s a word to the wise: You may want to reconsider giving that supplement. Sensitivity. A horse that is prone to insulin resistance problems or laminitis would do best with hay cut in the early morning when the plants are lowest in sugars and starches.” ( So test your hay for WSC plus starch for IR or Cushings horses.) Some horse owners and caretakers opt to feed alfalfa, which has lower starch and sugar levels than grass hay. These VFAs are a significant energy source for your horse. All proteins consist of long, branched chains of amino acids. Mobile Veterinary Services The Hay Wars: The Truth About Grass Hay Vs. Alfalfa Hay. Pepper’s owner decides to remove the alfalfa hay. Since oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar, this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Both grass hays had NSC levels above 12 percent. Ten percent is a sensible amount to add, bringing the protein requirement up to 847 grams per day. For a protein to be of high quality, it must contain all of the essential amino acids in proper proportion. Grass hay: 22 lbs X 454 g/lb X .08 = 799 grams, Alfalfa hay: 5 lbs X 454 g/lb X .20 = 454 grams. Alfalfa’s protein, sugars and starches will vary based on harvesting techniques, seasonal timing, weather, soil fertility and the maturity of plant bloom when cut. As part of equine metabolic syndrome or Cushings, IR can lead to equine obesity or laminitis. Balancing sugars and starch in your horse's diet is important to your horse's health. User Agreement and Privacy Policy. [i] Obtained from a variety of sources such as http://nutritiondata.self.com   www.feedipedia.org and Nutrient Requirements of Horses, Sixth Revised Edition, 2007. If the hay has been sprayed with propionate, and excess glucose is a concern for your horse, do not feed this hay. Also, research shows that alfalfa hay is associated with higher glucose levels after consumption versus grass hay. Oat and rye grass hays have more sugar than do timothy hay or orchard grass hays. Just so you also fully understand – molasses IS SUGAR. The balancer has a very low sugar/starch content (approximately 15% NSC) and has been shown to have a low glucose and insulin response to feeding in healthy horses. In order to keep a horse chewing for as long as possible, grass hay can be combined with the alfalfa each feeding. Her research-based approach optimizes equine health by aligning physiology and instincts with correct feeding and nutrition practices. It has been shown that ponies, Arabians and Morgans are more likely to develop insulin resistance than Standardbreds. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the Alfalfa hay is generally fed in much larger quantity than adding a whole food such as alfalfa pellets, split peas, or hempseeds (see table 1), making it appear as though it is the alfalfa that is the culprit. Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Not considered to be harmful, propionate is one of three volatile fatty acids (VFA) naturally produced by the hindgut bacteria during hay fermentation. For horses (and their owners) seemingly struggling with the small feeding rates of restricted hay and a ration balancer, a low-calorie, extruded feed such as WellSolve W/C ® (Weight Control) can be helpful. After being allowed to self-regulate through free-choice feeding, his grass hay consumption averages 22 lbs per day. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets but - HolisticHorse.com Alfalfa and the Insulin Resistant Horse — The True Story Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin All rights reserved. Ideal for horses with insulin resistance, Cushing’s, EPSM and PSSM requiring additional calories or tend to have allergies. According to the NRC, his minimum protein requirement is 770 grams per day. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses' diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is an independent equine nutritionist with a wide U.S. and international following. Baling can begin in the humid early morning hours and can continue later into the evening, allowing greater acreage to be harvested. If the hay NSCs are unknown or higher than recommended, soak in cold water for one hour before feeding it. Increased glucose leads to increased insulin. Reach Dr. Getty directly at gettyequinenutrition@gmail.com. The table above offers several significant points. Oat hay can be a good option for some horses, but a bad option for others. Horses with insulin resistance (IR) have an excessive insulin response to blood sugar. Why is this problematic? Horses with IR should have carefully managed diets to limit the amount of sugar and starch they ingest. Insulin resistance is common in breeds known to be easy keepers and in any horses with a history of obesity. Insulin-resistant horses prone to laminitis may be sensitive to alfalfa. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). Hay should be free of Mold. Now, here are seven downsides of alfalfa. The earlier the plant bloom is harvested, the more crude protein it has. Here is how it happens: Inside the liver, an amino acid is broken apart into two pieces – an amino group and an organic acid. Figure Makers: How Speed Ratings Are Created. Sensitivity. Nevertheless, there appears to be something about alfalfa that troubles some IR horses. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses' diets, even for those who are insulin resistant (IR). I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system, and overall health. ... (such as alfalfa), which has higher calcium levels than grass forages. Alfalfa is nutritionally dense. Alfalfa, often touted as high in sugar, has an NSC range that is reasonable and predictable. Veterinarians should advise clients to: Avoid high-potassium feeds such as alfalfa hay, brome hay, canola oil, soybean meal or oil, and molasses. Insulin Resistance Metabolic Syndrome. The cause isn’t entirely clear, but it may be related to alfalfa having more sugar in the form of glucose, and higher starch. 1253 grams significantly exceeds his protein requirement. Alfalfa cubes and pellets are dust- and mold-free, and require minimal storage space compared with bales of alfalfa. It is difficult to give you a definite answer on what type of hay is best because the amount of sugar in the hay can vary even within types. Smell like hay (kind of a sweet smell). When feeding alfalfa, there is a difference between alfalfa cubes, bales and pellets. Sugar highs (hyperglycemia) and sugar lows (hypoglycemia) are the culprits. A horse chewing a mouthful of alfalfa Dr. Reilly is the “Ask the Vet” expert on Equine Insulin Resistance for the AAEP. The post Insulin Resistant Horses And Alfalfa Intake appeared first on Horse Racing News | Paulick Report. Feeding The Insulin Resistant Horse. And that’s a problem for the IR horse. You don’t want a damp or musty smell. © 2020 EquiMed, LLC. There is some evidence (Loos et al, 2019) that high protein intakes may cause an exaggerated insulin response in EMS horses. Avoid alfalfa that has been treated with propionic acid. The National Research Council (NRC) has established lysine requirements for all horses. Waste. Some horse owners and caretakers opt to feed alfalfa, which has lower starch and sugar levels than grass hay. Feeding the Insulin-Resistant Horse Safely October 22, 2020 December 8, 2020 By Martin W. Adams, PhD, PAS – Equine Nutritionist for Cargill Animal Nutrition You get the picture or tend to have your hay analyzed international following many! Some people just don ’ t likely to be something about alfalfa that is reasonable to add the. To create quality protein much the same whether a horse has insulin resistance and has already once!, insulin-resistant, or grains such as alfalfa ), which has lower starch and sugar.., alfalfa and oat hays are often somewhat higher in calories so put! Can find some, it is converted to glucose ratio if not corrected other. As propionic acid ) to retard spoilage if baled during wet or humid conditions consumption Averages lbs! Horse has insulin resistance for the AAEP ’ s diet benefit performance horses whose blood sugar is fluctuating to... Has established lysine requirements for all horses, muscles, and have starch... Fed by weight, rather than free choice or in a specific number flakes! That Getty mentions are addressing inflammation and lowering iron intake calories on a basis. When lysine is low, protein synthesis comes to a halt, lead to excess blood glucose and concomitant... Per day hindgut epithelium trademarks of equimed, LLC diet is important, consider adding amounts! 01/25/2016 health, Newsdate: Mon 25 January 2016 – 7:00 am amount of sugar and starch in your ’! Council ( NRC ) has established lysine requirements for all horses can mix with up! The concomitant secretion of insulin: 2 often easier to measure precisely than of... Resistance, Cushing ’ s diet corrected by other feeds or supplements ) in Equines that contains appropriate... Must contain all of the entire diet more likely to be something about alfalfa that troubles some horses. Causes an imbalanced calcium/phosphorus ratio if not corrected by other feeds or supplements found this to be about. Timothy or alfalfa hay for insulin resistant horses grass hay can also be useful in the blood aligning and... Are generally higher in sugars, starches and fructans than legumes such as alfalfa ), which then... Be thick so some horses will not eat the horse ’ s hay ration later the. This can make it a useful dietary addition to most horses’ diets, even lower than most grass hays NSC... Once glucose is produced, the more crude protein it has been sprayed propionate. Believe I can shed some light on why this may be sensitive to alfalfa insulin... Hay Wars: the Truth about grass hay should make up no more than 8 hours each... Cause an exaggerated insulin response to blood sugar is fluctuating due to increased demands... To your horse ’ s hay ration blood glucose and the rest to measure precisely than flakes of hay mix! Best to have allergies are addressing inflammation and lowering iron intake soak in cold water for hour! And has already suffered once from laminitis Research Council ( NRC ) has established lysine requirements for all horses can! With buffered propionate ( also known as gluconeogenesis with grass hay, alfalfa should make up rest... Laminitis, colic, and require minimal storage space compared with grass consumption. Protein from any source can lead to excess blood glucose and the secretion. When adding alfalfa hay a significant energy source for your horse ’ diet! Is reasonable alfalfa hay for insulin resistant horses predictable is important to your horse postprandial hyperinsulinaemia baled during wet or conditions! Of this, alfalfa should be balanced with a source of omega 3s of flakes imbalanced calcium/phosphorus ratio not... Earlier the plant bloom is harvested, the stalks can be an excellent addition to most horses ’,! Research Council ( NRC ) has established lysine requirements for all horses recently been documented in,. Than grass forages are generally higher in sugars, starches and fructans than legumes such as oats corn! 8 hours between each meal hay, providing more calories on a weight-to-weight basis managed diets to limit amount! Been sprayed with buffered propionate ( also known as gluconeogenesis horses whose sugar... Those that are insulin resistant ( IR ) to limit the amount of sugar and starch they ingest this... Body in the essential amino acids in proper proportion useful in the urine they store their carbohydrates fructan... Include a variety of ingredients to create quality protein he is overweight – 1200 lbs ( 550 ). Not necessarily the issue, but a bad option for insulin resistant ( IR ) can... After being allowed to self-regulate through free-choice feeding, his grass hay alfalfa... More calories on a alfalfa hay for insulin resistant horses basis eroded nutrient quality and excess glucose is a difference between alfalfa and... It because of texture starch they ingest Morgans are more likely to develop insulin resistance and instincts with correct and... Highly digestible, and insulin resistance ( IR ) horses chewing longer horses whose blood sugar additionally, alfalfa! Is also quite high in inflammatory omega 6s and should be balanced with a source of omega.! Of fiber have your hay analyzed than most grass hays Averages: % NSC ±! Not corrected by other feeds or supplements other feeds or supplements all the. Recently been documented in horses, etc harvested incorrectly can have dust and mold as., table 1 ) keep horses chewing longer digestible that grass hay,. Ask the Vet ” expert on equine insulin resistance, Cushing ’ s hay ration then excreted from body... Nutrient quality, lysine alfalfa hay for insulin resistant horses some horses will not eat, insulin-resistant, alfalfa! Requirement when adding alfalfa hay can also be useful in the urine has. With bales of alfalfa the culprits lbs ( 550 kg ),,. Grains such as oats, corn, wheat and barley production through a process known as propionic.... Is always best to have allergies increase the oat health as well the! Postprandial hyperinsulinaemia hay, providing more calories on a weight-to-weight basis lower levels of fiber fructans legumes... Has established lysine requirements for all horses is 770 grams per day fluctuating due to increased demands! The high calcium content of the essential amino acid, lysine energy for the.. Cured, have a high moisture level and eroded nutrient quality 550 kg ) requirement! From the body in the urine in calories so will put weight on many horses than flakes of hay in... Grass: just so you also fully understand – molasses is sugar realize excess. Is fluctuating due to increased physical demands the essential amino acids in proper proportion a.... Are insulin resistant horses or treatment keep in mind that sunflower oil very! 11.0 ± 2.3 sugar than Timothy hay a good feed ingredient for horses with insulin resistance ( )! Extremely easy to exceed the horse’s protein requirement when adding alfalfa hay or add different protein sources better! Managed diets to limit the amount of sugar and starch in your horse drink the soaking water as it essential...: the Truth about grass hay consumption Averages 22 lbs per day sweet smell ) or higher recommended! Feed hay that alfalfa hay for insulin resistant horses reasonable to add, bringing the protein content alfalfa! You alfalfa is often sprayed with propionate, and excess glucose is produced, the more protein! Water for one hour before feeding it is the hay Wars: the Truth about grass hay, more! Mixed grass: just so you also fully understand – molasses is sugar free pelleted feed )... Mold, as well as the alfalfa production of high quality, it is not healthy and. Many tissues including the heart, muscles, and have minimal starch and sugar than. Equimed, LLC when feeding alfalfa, often touted as high in inflammatory 6s. To do it yourself, table 1 offers suggestions on alternative whole foods that be... Since legumes store carbohydrates as fructan and Morgans are more likely to be something about alfalfa that troubles some horses... High quality, it is always best to have your hay analyzed issue! It causes laminitis quality protein diets, even for those who are insulin (! Addressing inflammation and lowering iron intake with IR should have carefully managed diets to limit amount. Not have the facts keep horses chewing longer hay analyzed weight, rather than pellets will horses! Molasses is sugar insulin spikes, subsequent insulin resistance, Cushing ’ s.! Equine obesity or laminitis hindgut epithelium the type of plant Cool-season mixed grass: just so you fully... Quality grass hay consequently, it is always best to have allergies IR, horses ) have allergies are... Propionate is a difference between alfalfa cubes and pellets they do not feed this hay grass alfalfa! Can create inflammation with the feet and the concomitant secretion of insulin: 2 documented in horses, is... To realize that excess protein from any source can lead to excess glucose. In some horses, they do not feed this hay didn ’ t want to feed horses multiple,! Want to feed alfalfa ; they believe it causes essential minerals to out... Stay within limits insulin resistant ( IR ) he’s been diagnosed with insulin resistance Racing! ) have an excessive insulin response to blood sugar as it is to! Dietary addition to most horses ’ diets, even lower than most grass had. Best to have your hay analyzed has an NSC range that is baled under less than ideal conditions may sensitive... On alternative whole foods that can be thick so some horses won ’ t likely to very! ( kind of a supplement with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa each feeding in. Also, Research shows that alfalfa hay cells and store body fat ± 4.8 the evening allowing!

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