For example, you must manage strong credentials yourself. Guidance: Conduct exercises to test your systems’ incident response capabilities on a regular cadence to help protect your Azure resources. Firewall rules are put in place to restrict data access. Azure API Management outputs logs and metrics to Azure Monitor by default. This will flag up with your security testing tools. Guidance: Define and implement standard security configurations for network settings related to your Azure API Management deployments. Guidance: Azure API Management does not have the concept of default passwords/key. Azure Active Directory (AD) has built-in roles that must be explicitly assigned and are queryable. It acts as a reverse-proxy and provides L7 load balancing, routing, web application firewall (WAF), and other services. Guidance: Not applicable; Azure API Management does not process or produce anti-malware related logs. Azure API Management instances should be separated by virtual network (VNet)/subnet and tagged appropriately. for any rules that allow traffic to/from a network. Use Azure Security Center Integrated Threat Intelligence to deny communications with known malicious or unused Internet IP addresses. Create alerts within Azure Monitor that will trigger when changes to critical network resources take place. Whenever possible, use database IP firewall rules. This paper is intended to be a resource for IT pros. These best practices provide insight into why Azure Sphere sets such a high standard for security. Kibana provides flexible reporting on all API calls with pre-configured dashboards segmented by instance, application, role, user, API endpoint, and more. Guidance: Define and implement standard security configurations for your Azure API Management service with Azure Policy. Guidance: Not currently available; Customer Lockbox is not currently supported for Azure API Management. creation, publication, security, monitoring, and analytics. Guidance: Implement Credential Scanner to identify credentials within code. Questions fréquentes sur Gestion des API. Microsoft's Azure API Management service offers developers many options for building custom APIs that add and modify the cloud platform's features and behavior. With that being said, extra precautions and Azure security best practices need to be considered in order to maximize security efforts. For individual NSG rules, you may use the "Description" field to specify business need and/or duration (etc.) In internal mode, configure an Azure Application Gateway in front of API Management. Diagnostics logs differ from activity logs. How to view and retrieve Azure Activity Log events. Guidance: Not currently available; vulnerability assessment in Azure Security Center is not currently available for Azure API Management. Guidance: Within Azure Monitor, set your Log Analytics Workspace retention period according to your organization's compliance regulations. Guidance: By publishing and managing your APIs via Azure API Management, you're taking advantage of fault tolerance and infrastructure capabilities that you'd otherwise design, implement, and manage manually. Enable Database Threat Detection and Database Auditing, Understand how to streamline this process. Ensure that there are written incident response plans that define all roles of personnel as well as phases of incident handling/management from detection to post-incident review. Perform queries in Log Analytics to search terms, identify trends, analyze patterns, and provide many other insights based on the collected data. For more information, see Security control: Incident response. For more information, see Security control: Data recovery. This can be done by enabling Data Discovery and Classification, which will allow you to actively monitor data or access download reports. How to integrate API Management in an internal VNET with Application Gateway. Data encryption helps to protect your data on disk while ensuring protection against unauthorized access to hardware. production, non-prod) using tags and create a naming system to clearly identify and categorize Azure resources, especially those processing sensitive data. Guidance: Utilize the Workflow Automation feature in Azure Security Center to automatically trigger responses via "Logic Apps" on security alerts and recommendations. Azure security services. Deploy an NSG to your API Management subnet and enable NSG flow logs and send logs into an Azure Storage account for traffic audit. Additionally, clearly mark subscriptions (for ex. Guidance: * Please follow the Microsoft Rules of Engagement to ensure your Penetration Tests are not in violation of Microsoft policies, Security control: Identity and access control, Understanding Azure API Management Subscriptions, Authorize developer accounts by using Azure Active Directory in Azure API Management, How to delegate user registration and product subscription, How to configure Named Locations in Azure, List of Customer Lockbox-supported services, Understand customer data protection in Azure, Understand data protection/encryption at rest with Azure API Management, Security control: Vulnerability management, Understanding security controls available to Azure API Management, Security control: Inventory and asset management, How to set custom domain names with guidance for Key Vault key rotation, NIST's publication - Guide to Test, Training, and Exercise Programs for IT Plans and Capabilities, How to set the Azure Security Center Security Contact, How to configure Workflow Automation and Logic Apps, Security control: Penetration tests and red team exercises, Please follow the Microsoft Rules of Engagement to ensure your Penetration Tests are not in violation of Microsoft policies, You can find more information on Microsoft’s strategy and execution of Red Teaming and live site penetration testing against Microsoft managed cloud infrastructure, services and applications, here. Guidance: Inbound and outbound traffic into the subnet in which API Management is deployed can be controlled using Network Security Groups (NSG). The attacker receives a "403 unauthorized access" exception, and the connection is closed. DreamFactory makes it easy with User Management, SSO Authentication, JSON Web Tokens (JWT), CORS, Role-Based Access Control on API endpoints, record-level permissions on data, OAuth, LDAP, Active Directory, SAML integration, and more. Following best practices for API security can protect company and user data at all points of engagement from users, apps, developers, API teams, and backend systems. Some advantages of Traffic Analytics are the ability to visualize network activity and identify hot spots, identify security threats, understand traffic flow patterns, and pinpoint network misconfigurations. Guidance: Not applicable; this recommendation is intended for compute resources. Configure advanced monitoring with API Management by using the log-to-eventhub policy, capture any additional context information required for security analysis, and send to Azure Sentinel or third-party SIEM. Detection mode: Monitors and logs all threat alerts. You can also ingest data into Azure Sentinel for further investigation. Web application firewall doesn't block incoming requests when it's operating in Detection mode. Best Practices for API Management 1. The service backup and restore features of API Management provide the necessary building blocks for implementing a disaster recovery strategy. Review incidents after the fact to ensure that issues are resolved. We’re exploring Azure Security Best Practices. Learn more here. Guidance: Use role-based access control for controlling access to Azure API Management. Guidance: Use tags to assist in tracking Azure resources that store or process sensitive information. Seven best practices in securing AWS, Azure and GCP; It also explores how Sophos Cloud Optix enables organizations to address their security and visibility challenges. Developer accounts that are in an active state can be used to access all of the APIs for which they have subscriptions. Application Gateway is a PaaS service. Use a single API Management resource for exposing all APIs to both internal consumers and external consumers. Use a single API Management resource for exposing a subset of APIs to external consumers. How to create alerts for Azure Activity Log events, How to use Azure Monitor and Azure Activity Log in Azure API Management. How to use Azure API Management with virtual networks, Using Azure API Management service with an internal virtual network, Integrate API Management in an internal VNET with Application Gateway, Azure Security Center monitoring: Currently not available. How to create queries with Azure Resource Graph. Guidance: Not currently available; data identification, classification, and loss prevention features are not currently available for Azure API Management. APIs handle an immense amount of data, which is why it’s imperative to invest in API security. It acts as a reverse-proxy and provides L7 load balancing, routing, web application firewall (WAF), and other services. Application Gateway is a PaaS service. How to create a managed identity for an API Management instance, Policy to authenticate with managed identity. Guidance: Security Center assigns a severity to each alert to help you prioritize which alerts should be investigated first. How to use Role-Based Access Control in Azure API Management, How to get list of users under an Azure API Management Instance, How to get a list of users assigned to a directory role in Azure AD with PowerShell, How to get a directory role definition in Azure AD with PowerShell, Understand identity and access recommendations from Azure Security Center. Activity logs provide insights into the operations that were performed on your Azure resources. Our guided tour will show you how to create an API using an example MySQL database provided to you as part of the trial! DreamFactory comes with the popular ELK stack (Elastic, Logstash, and Kibana) for logging and reporting on API traffic. API Management relies on these roles and Role-Based Access Control to enable fine-grained access management for API Management services and entities. With that being said, you need to be aware of what you’re responsible for to enhance security measures. Guidance: Azure API Management continuously emits logs and metrics to Azure Monitor, giving you a near real-time visibility into the state and health of your APIs. Guidance: Not applicable; this recommendation is intended for web applications running on Azure App Service or compute resources. Update: Downloadable/printable copies of the Microsoft 365 Best practices checklists and guides are now available for purchase at GumRoad.Thanks for your support! All encryption keys are per service instance and are service managed. From authentication to database, cloud to email tools, DreamFactory is the ultimate REST API management platform. Customers may utilize Azure Identity Access Reviews to efficiently manage group memberships, access to enterprise applications, and role assignments. Inbound and outbound traffic into the subnet in which API Management is deployed can be controlled using Network Security Group. The baseline for this service is drawn from the Azure Security Benchmark version 1.0, which provides recommendations on how you can secure your cloud solutions on Azure with our best practices guidance. DreamFactory can be deployed on premise behind the firewall, in a DreamFactory-hosted environment or on a self-hosted cloud. Combining API Management provisioned in an internal Vnet with the Application Gateway frontend enables the following scenarios: Note: This feature is available in the Premium and Developer tiers of API Management. Take steps to automatically generate, publish, and manage REST APIs. Guidance: To manage traffic flowing to Web/HTTP APIs deploy API Management to a Virtual Network (Vnet) associated with App Service Environment in external or internal mode. Need an API for your Microservice? Episode 142 - API Management Sujit talks to Anton Babadjanov, a PM in the Azure team, about API Management. Guidance: Sensitive data such as certificates, keys, and secret named values are encrypted with service-managed, per service instance keys. Azure security best practices Viktorija Almazova, IT Security Architect. Use Azure Policy aliases in the "Microsoft.ApiManagement" namespace to create custom policies to audit or enforce the configuration of Azure API Management instances. For more information, see the Azure security baselines overview. Application Gateway WAF provides protection from common security exploits and vulnerabilities. It is an extremely effective way to provide a layer of abstraction between your callers and back-end APIs, and provides centralised governance across your API surface. Use separate accounts to authenticate unique users and applications. However, one of the most common questions from our customers is: "What is the best way to implement an effective CI/CD pipeline with Azure API Management?" Tag Azure API Management services that may be processing sensitive information as such and implement third-party solution if required for compliance purposes. Application Gateway is a PaaS service. Customers can maintain inventory of API Management user accounts and reconcile access as needed. With this flexibility of deployment and robust security measures, DreamFactory can satisfy and support the most stringent firewall requirements. 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