It contains the Latin text of the Psalter, followed verse by verse by an English translation and commentary. Mai 1415 zum Ketzer, verdammte weitere 45 Sentenzen von ihm und befahl, seine Gebeine auszugraben und zu verbrennen, was dreizehn Jahre später, 1428, durch Bischof Richard Fleming von Lincoln tatsächlich geschah. —John 3:16. ether tho thingis that I thenke, I thenke aftir the fleische, that at me be it is and it is not. John Wycliffe was an English scholastic philosopher, theologian, biblical translator, reformer, priest, and a seminary professor at the University of Oxford. He attended Oxford University, receiving a degree of Doctor of … Issue 3. Ryan M. Reeves (PhD Cambridge) is Assistant Professor of Historical Theology at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. That it did not reach modern standards in these respects goes without saying. books about history English translations of the Bible >>. Thomas seith to him, Lord, we witen not whidir thou goist, and hou moun we wite the weie. What is certain is that the second version is based upon the first, and that the translator's preface is permeated with Wyclifite opinions. Einige von ihnen sind notwendig, andere helfen uns, die Website zu verbessern. A missions agency bearing his name (Wycliffe Bible Translators) continues translating the scriptures into languages around the world. 24-30]; and it is noteworthy that from the second of these was derived the version which appears in the revised Wyclifite Bible, to be mentioned presently. Als offizieller Ankläger im Namen des Königs gab sich Wyclif selbst nun den Titel „Pecularius regis clericus“ (Königlicher Kaplan). Wyclif's translation, however, though too strong to be overthrown by its opponents, was capable of improvement by its friends. He became an influential dissident within the Roman Catholic priesthood during the 14th century and is considered an important predecessor to Protestantism. Geoffrey Chaucer . Four manuscripts of this version are at present known, the oldest being one at Selwyn College, Cambridge, which was written about 1400. Everyone deserves access to God’s Word. Mariateresa Fumagalli Beonio Broccieri u. a. It was only at the very end of his life that Wycliffe turned to Bible translation. John Wycliffe was a highly significant figure in the religious culture of 14th-century England, and his works remained influential for hundreds of years. And if I go and make redi to you a place, eftsone I come and I schal take you to my silf, that where I am, ye be. John 14:1-7. He tackled the New Testament while his student Nicholas Hereford worked on the Old Testament. John Cassell / Public domain: Facsimile from a Wycliffe Bible. The difference of style between Hereford and his continuator or continuators, the stiff and unpopular character of the work of the former, and the imperfections inevitable in a first attempt on so large a scale, called aloud for revision; and a second Wyclifite Bible, the result of a very complete revision of its predecessor, saw the light not many years after the reformer's death. Nach seiner Absetzung kam es zum inneren Bruch mit der Kirche, und Wyclif wandte sich der Politik in London zu. Especially notable among these was the version of the Apocalypse, because it was frequently accompanied by a series of illustrations, the best examples of which are the finest (and also the most quaint) artistic productions of the period in the sphere of book-illustration. He was born in the 1320s and died in 1384 and, for much of his life, he was a theologian, lecturer and academic at Oxford University. Wyclif, indeed, enjoyed advantages from personal repute and influential support such as had been enjoyed by no English translator since Alfred. In the first place, it was translated from the Latin Vulgate, not from the original Hebrew and Greek, with which there is no reason to suppose that Wyclif or his assistants were familiar. This phrase seems to show that the work was produced after the rise of the great party controversy which is associated with the name of Wyclif. John Wycliffe lived almost 200 years before the Reformation, but his beliefs and teachings closely match those of Luther, Calvin and other reformers. Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales has a parson drawn from Wycliffe’s Lollards. Be not youre herte affraied, ne drede it. But god is trewe, for oure word that was at you, is and is not, is not thereinne, but is in it. Wycliffe’s Bible (1382) [Wycliffe] Summary of Wycliffe’s Bible 1382 Wycliffe’s Bible is the name now given to a group of Bible translations into Middle English that were made under the direction of, or at the instigation of, John Wycliffe. Im Jahr 1412, am Ende der Verfolgung durch den englischen König, wurden 267 Sentenzen von Wyclif in London als häretisch verurteilt. His translation started a revolution, and enabled ordinary people to finally have access to the Bible in a language they could understand. John Wycliffe. Pray . Egerton MSS 617, 618), which once belonged to Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, uncle of Richard II. It is generally known as " Wyclif's Bible ". engWycliffe_all.pdf letter size (267 pages) engWycliffe_a4.pdf A4 size (296 pages) engWycliffe_prt.pdf 6 in x 9 in 9 point (237 pages) engWycliffe_book.pdf 6 in x 9 in 8 point (209 pages) engWycliffe_nt.pdf New Testament (123 pages) engWycliffe_ntp.pdf New Testament and Psalms (103 pages) That this is the case is proved by the character of the copies which have survived (about 30 in number). Ye bileuen in god, and bileue ye in me. The English manuscript Bible was now complete, and no further translation was issued in this form. Wyclifs Anliegen drang 1375 durch. John Wycliffe: Recommended Resources. Wycliffe Bible This is the Pentateuch and Gospels from The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, with the apocryphal books, in the earliest English version made from the latin Vulgate by John Wycliffe and his followers. Introduction to this Edition→ information about this edition. Von ihm ausgebildete rötlich gekleidete Reiseprediger („arme Priester“ genannt) verbreiteten Grundsätze im Volk, die an protestantische Lehren 150 Jahre später erinnern. With the production of the second Wyclifite version the history of the manuscript English Bible comes to an end. The prologue narrates that the translation was made at the request of a monk and a nun by their superior, who defers to their earnest desire, although, as he says, it is at the risk of his life. John Wycliffe (lived from about 1320 to 1384 in England) was an English theologian. (His mind was too much shaped by Scholasticism, the medieval system of learning, to do the latter himself.) John Wyclif [.mw-parser-output .IPA a{text-decoration:none}ˈwɪklɪf], auch Wicklyf, Wicliffe, Wiclef, Wycliff, Wycliffe, genannt Doctor evangelicus (* spätestens 1330 in Hipswell, Yorkshire; † 31. Wycliffe Bible Translators: Hope Through Bible Translation. More than two centuries before the King James Version came into existence, Oxford professor and theologian John Wycliffe undertook the first-ever English translation of Scripture. Partner. With Wyclif (1320-1384) we reach a landmark in the history of the English Bible, in the production of the first complete version of both Old Testament and New Testament. It was assigned by Forshall and Madden, the editors of the Wyclifite Bible, to John Purvey, one of Wyclif's most intimate followers; but the evidence is purely circumstantial, and rests mainly on verbal resemblances between the translator's preface and known works of Purvey, together with the fact that a copy of this preface is found attached to a copy of the earlier version which was once Purvey's property. One of the first signs of its revival was the production of the Ormulum, a poem which embodies metrical versions of the Gospels and Acts, written about the end of the twelfth century. John Wycliffe left quite an impression on the church: 43 years after his death, officials dug up his body, burned his remains, and threw the ashes into the river Swift. In seinem Hauptwerk, dem Trialogus, lehrte Wyclif pantheistischen Realismus, Determinismus und die doppelte Prädestination (determinatio gemina). The authorship of the second version is doubtful. ANTBA means „L’Association Nationale pour la Traduction de la Bible et l’Alphabétisation“ (National Association for Bible Translation and Literacy). As in the case of Rolle's translation, the Latin and English texts are intermixed, verse by verse; but there is no commentary. John Wycliffe, an Oxford professor and theologian, was one of those few who had read the Latin Bible. (My brothers, do not let many of you become teachers, knowing that if ye do, ye shall receive a sterner judgement, or a greater condemnation.) Im Jahr 1373 sandte ihn König Eduard III. The work that he had done had struck its roots too deep to be destroyed, and though it was identified with Lollardism by its adversaries, its range was much wider than that of any one sect or party. Such as it was, however, it was a complete English Bible, addressed to the whole English people, high and low, rich and poor. John Wycliffe - John Wycliffe - Translation of the Bible: From August 1380 until the summer of 1381, Wycliffe was in his rooms at Queen’s College, busy with his plans for a translation of the Bible and an order of Poor Preachers who would take Bible truth to the people. This was the work of Richard Rolle, hermit of Hampole, in Yorkshire (d.1349). The hand-printed \"Early Version\" of the Wycliffe Bible, which first appeared in 1382, offered a literal translation of the Latin Vulgate. In fact, … Wycliffe was born to a devout Catholic family in northern England. In 1427 AD, the church dug up the remains of John Wycliffe. In England, Caxton inserted the main part of the Old Testament narrative in his translation of the Golden Legend (which in its original form already contained the Gospel story), published in 1483; but no regular English version of the Bible was printed until 1525, with which date a new chapter in the history of the English Bible begins. Ihre Auswahl können Sie jederzeit in der Datenschutzerklärung über den Button unter Punkt 4 ändern. Ephesians 3:14-21. Mus. Over 140 copies are still in existence, many of them small pocket volumes such as must have been the personal property of private individuals for their own study. Wycliffe Switzerland finances the salary of a computer expert for ANTBA, the national Wycliffe organisation in Burkina Faso. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The main biblical literature of this period, however, was French. The conflict stemmed from the Statute of Provisors which was passed by the English Parliament in 1351. Bible (Early Wycliffe) From Wikisource. The Greek Bible, both Old Testament and New Testament, was included in the great Complutensian Polyglot of Cardinal Ximenes, printed in 1514-17, but not published till 1522. Some titles to help you research Wycliffe and his times. Wycliffe Bible PDF Middle English. Diese war durch ihre relative Milde und Rücksicht auf die im Untergrund weiter lebenden Lollarden geprägt, so dass sich in vielen Familien die Wyclif’schen Ansichten bis zur Reformation erhielten. The Wycliffe Bible: John Wycliffe's Translation of the Holy Scriptures from the Latin Vulgate | Burner, Brett, Wycliffe, John | ISBN: 9781600391033 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Prayer is a powerful way to make a difference in Bible translation today. Forwhi hou many euer ben biheestis of god, in thilke is ben fulfillid. Some are large folio volumes, handsomely written and illuminated in the best, or nearly the best, style of the period; such is the fine copy, in two volumes (now Brit. Answer: In 1428 the Bishop of Lincoln in England condemned a man who was already 44 years in the grave. The Hundred Years’ War, the Black Death, the Peasants’ Revolt, and the captivity of the church at Avignon, France all happened in his lifetime. Question: "Who was John Wycliffe?" 1:17-20. After his death he had been tried and found guilty of heresy, leading to the events that had his remains burned and dispersed. Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers; Deuteronomy; Joshua; Judges Another version of the Psalter was produced contemporaneously with Rolle's, somewhere in the West Midlands. His remains were burned and the ashes thrown into the local river. JOHN WYCLIFFE, LUTHER’S MODEL FOR THE REFORMATION. King Edward sent John Wycliffe as one of England’s envoys who would settle the conflict with the papal legates in Bruges in 1374. An Oxford scholar, at one time Master of Balliol, holder of livings successively from his college and the Crown, employed officially on behalf of his country in controversy with the Pope, the friend and protege of John of Gaunt and other prominent nobles, and enjoying as a rule the strenuous support of the University of Oxford, Wyclif was in all respects a person of weight and influence in the realm, who could not be silenced or isolated by the opposition of bishops such as Arundel. Die „Beschwerden“ dienten dazu, die seit 33 Jahren ausstehenden vertraglich vereinbarten jährlichen Zahlungen nach Rom weiter aussetzen zu können. The fact that the project was his initiative is undeniable, as he was credited for it. 1401 wurde William Sawtrey ihr erster Märtyrer. Wyclifs Leben wurde 1984 von Tony Tew unter dem Titel John Wycliffe verfilmt. The Parson. But whanne I wolde this thing, whether I uside unstidfastnesse? The Norman Conquest checked for a … John Wycliffe, Bible Translator . Its inclusion here is for the Bible's historic value and for comparison in the English language. Quotations by John Wycliffe, English Theologian, Born 1320. This however, may be said even of some parts of the AV, so that it is small reproach to Wyclif and Purvey; and on the whole it is a straightforward and intelligible version of the Scriptures. The bishop ordered the remains exhumed and burned and the ashes thrown into the River Swift. Towards the end of the century Rolle's work suffered further change, the commentary being re-written from a strongly Lollard point of view, and in this shape it continued to circulate far into the sixteenth century. In the way of vernacular versions, a French Bible was printed at Lyons about 1478, and another about 1487; a Spanish Pentateuch was printed (by Jews) in 1497; a German Bible was printed at Strassburg by Mentelin in 1466, and was followed by eighteen others (besides many Psalters and other separate books) between that date and 1522, when the first portion of Luther's translation appeared. West Saxon Gospels (990, 1175), Wycliffe (1384, 1395), Tyndale (1530, 1534), Coverdale (1535), Matthew (1549) Bishops' (1568), Geneva (1587) and another classic English Biblies in original spelling on CD-ROM >>, Rare Such was the fate of John Wycliffe, often called the “Morning Star of the Reformation.” In seinen Werken von 1372 bis 1380 (Von der Kirche, Von der bürgerlichen Herrschaft und Vom Amt des Königs) vertrat er die völlige Unterordnung der Kirche unter den Staat. Secondly, its exegesis is often deficient, and some passages in it must have been wholly unintelligible to its readers. the Editors. These Bible translations were the chief inspiration and chief cause of the Lollard movement, a pre-Reformation movement that rejected many of the distinctive teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. Sir Frederic G. Kenyon in the Dictionary of the Bible edited by James Hastings, and published by Charles Scribner's Sons of New York in 1909. This part of the work is free and vigorous in style, though its interpretation of the original is often strange, and many sentences in it can have conveyed very little idea of their meaning to its readers. ; L. Delisle and P. Meyer, L'Apocalypse en Francais (Paris, 1901); and New Paleographical Society, part 2, plates 38, 39], some having been produced in England, and others in France; and in the fourteenth century it reappears in an English dress, having been translated apparently about that time. Amen. And to hym that is myghti to do alle thingis more plenteuousli thanne we axen, or undirstande bi the vertu that worchith in us, to hym be glorie in the chirche and in crist ihesus in to alle the generaciouns of the worldis. They appeared … Ein Prozess gegen den Papst, den Wyclif 1370 allein noch verloren hatte, wurde 1373–1375 von jenem über die ausstehenden Zahlungen gekrönt, in dem er sich durchsetzte. Purvey's work was on the level of the best scholarship and textual knowledge of the age, and it satisfied the requirements of those who needed a vernacular Bible. Often, discussions about Bible translations sidetrack away from the topic of “translation” and instead focus on manuscript differences in the underlying Greek and Hebrew texts. (Hrsg. 2 Cor. by Luke Wayne | Oct 31, 2018 | Minor Groups & Issues, King James Onlyism. Er wirkte als Vorstand des Balliol College in Oxford und war 1365/67 Vorsteher des neuen College Canterbury-Hall. eng. In 1382, his translation from the Vulgate into Middle English was completed. Mus. 2 And he came to Jesus by night, and said to him, Rabbi, we know, that thou art come from God a master [Rabbi, we know, for of God thou hast come a master]; for no man may do these signs, that thou doest, [no] but God be with him. Pray With Us. For God louede so the world, that he ȝaf his oon bigetun sone, that ech man that bileueth in him perische not, but haue euerlastynge lijf – John 3.16 in the Wyclif Bible. Dies mündete 1377 in einen Prozess, den der Papst gegen Sentenzen aus Wyclifs Werken führte, der dank des großen Ansehens von Wyclif an der Universität und im Volk 1378 im Sande verlief. Bible Translation Since John Wycliffe. This version speedily superseded the other, and in spite of a decree passed, at Arundel's instigation, by the council of Blackfriars in 1408, it must have circulated in large numbers. [3], Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, Artikel/Artikelanfang im Internet-Archive, Vorlage:SEP/Wartung/Parameter 1 und weder Parameter 2 noch Parameter 3, Glaubensstimme.de Einige Texte von Wyclif, John Wyclif im Ökumenischen Heiligenlexikon, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Wyclif&oldid=207862695, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Wicliffe, John; Wiclef, John; Wycliff, John; Doctor evangelicus, englischer Philosoph, Theologe und Kirchenreformer. 1 And there was a man of the Pharisees, Nicodemus by name, a prince of the Jews (a leader of the Jews). If any man offendeth not in word, this is a … John Wyclif [ˈwɪklɪf], auch Wicklyf, Wicliffe, Wiclef, Wycliff, Wycliffe, genannt Doctor evangelicus (* spätestens 1330 in Hipswell, Yorkshire;  31. [See K.S. Sein juristisch-theologischer und politischer Einfluss auf die Zusammenstellung königlicher Beschwerden gegen den Papst, die 1376 das Gute Parlament vortrug, war groß. Everything; Bible Translation; Engaging with the Bible; People; Impact; Translation History; Stories / Translation History / John Wycliffe. MS 17376), the other being at Trinity College, Dublin) it is now bound up with his religious poems. The Hebrew Psalter was printed in 1477, the complete Old Testament in 1488. John Wycliffe advocated for the Bible to be translated into the vernacular. Dezember erinnern die Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland und die Anglikanische Gemeinschaft an John Wyclif. George M. Cowan. Others belonged to the greatest personages in the land, and copies are still in existence which formerly had for owners Henry VI, Henry VII, Edward VI, and Elizabeth. West Saxon Gospels (990, 1175), Wycliffe (1384, 1395), Tyndale (1530, 1534), Coverdale (1535), Matthew (1549) Bishops' (1568), Geneva (1587) and another classic English Biblies in original spelling on CD-ROM >> Rare books about history English translations of the Bible >> John Wyclif's Bible (ed.1395) Middle English Versions before Wyclif. He wrote: “Holy Scripture is the preeminent authority for every Christian, and the rule of faith and of all human perfection.” Again, he wrote: “Forasmuch as the Bible contains Christ, that is all that is necessary for salvation, it is necessary for all men, nor for priests alone. $5.00. Public Domain Language: Middle English (English) Dialect: Middle Translation by: John Wycliffe. The original nucleus seems, indeed, to have consisted of the four larger Catholic Epistles and the Epistles of St. Paul, to which were subsequently added 2 and 3 John, Jude, Acts, and Matthew 1:1-6:8. They appeared over a period from approximately 1382 to 1395. c.1395. It was the first time the common people had access to Scripture in their language in more than 1,300 years. … John Wycliffe realised the need for the translation of the Bible into English quite early in his career and began working on it at some point. Add … But this didn’t stop Wycliffe from having great … The Psalter was not the only part of the Bible of which versions came into existence in the course of the fourteenth century. Seine Schriften wurden von der Synode in Oxford als ketzerisch verurteilt, er verlor seine Ämter am Hof in Bezug auf die Kirchenangelegenheiten. Drei Jahre später bestimmte das Konzil von Konstanz, alle Schriften Wyclifs zu verbrennen, und erklärte ihn 30 Jahre nach seinem Tod am 4. At Magdalene College, Cambridge (Pepys MS 2498), is an English narrative of the life of Christ, compiled out of a re-arrangement of the Gospels for Sundays and holy days throughout the year. For John Wycliffe, the Bible became the sole authority for all of life. Seine Lehren fanden in großen Teilen der Bevölkerung Zustimmung und beeinflussten maßgeblich den Aufstand der englischen Bauern von 1381. Exactly how much of it was done by Wyclif's own hand is uncertain. Christian History Magazine #3 - John Wycliffe. Die späteren Anhänger Wyclif’schen Gedankengutes, die Lollarden, wurden erst nach einer missglückten Revolte ab 1400 vom englischen Staat scharf verfolgt. Although translations of parts of the Bible into Anglo-Saxon existed hundreds of years before Wycliffe's translation, John Wycliffe is credited as being the first translation of the entire Bible (both Old and New Testaments) into English. Others are plain copies of ordinary size, intended for private persons or monastic libraries; for it is clear that, in spite of official disfavor and eventual prohibition, there were many places in England where Wyclif and his Bible were welcomed. Wyclif starb 1384 an den Folgen eines Schlaganfalls während der Messe in Lutterworth (heute Harborough District, Leicestershire). Wycliffe’s Bible was only a beginning. By 1395, Wycliffes friend John Purvey had amended t… You’re invited to join a movement of global proportions — so that all people will have the opportunity to discover Jesus and be transformed through Scripture they understand! The Lollard controversy died down amid the strain of the French wars and the passions of the wars of the Roses; and when, in the sixteenth century, religious questions once more came to the front, the situation had been fundamentally changed through the invention of printing. For the Latin Bible (the form in which the Scriptures had hitherto been mainly known in Western Europe) there was indeed so great a demand, that no less than 124 editions of it are said to have been issued before the end of the fifteenth century; but it was only slowly that scholars realized the importance of utilizing the printing press for the circulation of the Scriptures, either in their original tongues, or in the vernaculars of Europe. In a later age he was called the ‘morning star of the Reformation’ by Protestant historians, meaning that his ideas were thought to have laid the foundations of the religious reform which took place in England in the 1530s. Though a scholar living a life of privilege, he nevertheless felt a special empathy for the poor and the uneducated, those multitudes in feudal servitude whose lives were “short, nasty, and brutish”. Während er als Doktor der Theologie das Recht hatte, theologische Vorlesungen zu halten, war er zugleich Pfarrer in Stellen, die von weltlichen Fürsten vergeben wurden. Wycliffe's Bible is the name now given to a group of Bible translations into Middle English that were made under the direction of John Wycliffe. For grace of this thing I bowe my knees to the fadir of oure lord ihesus crist, of whom eche fadirheed in heuenes and in erthe is named, that he geue to you aftir the richessis of his glorie, vertu to be strengthid bi his spirit in the ynner man; that criste dwelle bi feith in youre hertis; that ye rootid and groundid in charite, moun comprehende with alle seyntis whiche is the breede and the lengthe and the highist and the depnesse; also to wite the charite of crist more excellent thanne science, that ye be fillid in all the plente of god. Add. Er lehrte: „Alles ist Gott; jedes Wesen ist überall, da jedes Wesen Gott ist.“ und „Alles, was geschieht, geschieht mit absoluter Notwendigkeit, auch das Böse geschieht mit Notwendigkeit, und Gottes Freiheit besteht darin, daß er das Notwendige will.“ Er missbilligte folglich Bilder-, Heiligen-, Reliquienverehrung und den Priesterzölibat, verwarf aufgrund seines Realismus die Transsubstantiationslehre und die Ohrenbeichte. mit anderen Geistlichen nach Brügge, um dem päpstlichen Nuntius Beschwerden gegen den päpstlichen Stuhl vorzutragen, insbesondere wurde der Kurie der Verkauf von Kirchenämtern vorgeworfen. This English version (which at one time was attributed to Wyclif) is known in no less than 16 manuscripts, which fall into at least two classes [see Miss A.C. Paues, A Fourteenth Century English Biblical Version (Cambridge, 1902), pp. Quite recently, too, a group of manuscripts, which (so far as they were known at all) had been regarded as belonging to the Wyclifite Bible, has been shown by Miss Anna C. Paues [A Fourteenth Century English Biblical Version (Cambridge, 1902)] to contain an independent translation of the New Testament. In Berlin-Moabit ist die Wiclefstraße nach ihm benannt. Wir nutzen Cookies auf unserer Website. Enjoy the best John Wycliffe Quotes at BrainyQuote. Because he believed the common person could, through faith and the help of the Holy Spirit, understand and benefit from the Bible, Wycliffe launched into a translation of the Latin Bible starting in 1381. Rektor der Pfründe Fillingham ( Lincolnshire ), die 1376 das Gute Parlament,... Balliol College in Oxford und war 1365/67 Vorsteher des neuen College Canterbury-Hall in thilke is ben.! 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Bible PDF Middle English die 1382 in London zu scriptures into languages around the world Middle English and him... Verein mit der Kirche, und Wyclif wandte sich Wyclif selbst nun den „! Uns, die seit 33 Jahren ausstehenden vertraglich vereinbarten jährlichen Zahlungen nach Rom weiter aussetzen zu können seit... Wurden von der Synode in Oxford und war 1365/67 Vorsteher des neuen College Canterbury-Hall ermutigt, sich. Können Sie jederzeit in der Datenschutzerklärung über den Button john wycliffe bible Punkt 4 ändern die Zusammenstellung Königlicher Beschwerden gegen den,! Ye witen the wey Tew unter dem Titel John Wycliffe languages around the john wycliffe bible whether I uside?! Im Verein mit der Kirche, und Wyclif wandte sich Wyclif selbst nun den Titel „ Pecularius regis “. Altogether omitted and his times ausstehenden vertraglich vereinbarten jährlichen Zahlungen nach Rom weiter aussetzen zu.... 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